1 See: Michael Kans, “Congress Debates Cyber Incident Reporting Deadlines in the NDAA,” Just Security, 26 October 2021, https://www.justsecurity.org/78745/congress-debates-cyber-incident-reporting-deadlines-in-the-ndaa/.
2 For example, enabling insurers to connect data to the underwriting process, streamlining applications, and facilitating the continuous monitoring of enterprise insurance customers’ security posture over time. See: Larry Dignan, “Google Cloud, Allianz, Munich Re team up on cyber insurance program,” ZDNet, March 2, 2021, https://www.zdnet.com/article/google-cloud-allianz-munich-re-team-up-on-cyber-insurance-program/.
3 With Accenture arguing that online service providers such as Google and Amazon may be better suited to respond the increasing “switching risk” by insurance customers, as technology providers are better positioned to develop more personalized services and innovate in pricing strategies (with 35 percent of respondents to their survey expressing that they would be comfortable with insurance providers accessing their behavioral information in exchange for reduced policy costs). See: Erik J. Sandquist, “Prospering in the switching economy,” Accenture, n.d., https://insuranceblog.accenture.com/prospering-in-the-switching-economy.
4 “Brownfield” refers to sites that are often difficult to use for other purposes due to contamination, the presence of hazardous substances (for example, former gas stations and landfills). Development of these sites often requires significant investments in pre-development cleanup, revitalization, and monitoring to remain in compliance with local laws. Cloud providers are well-positioned, due to their size and affluence, to overcome these hurdles, reducing the development pressure on “greenfield” sites, undeveloped land that may be used for agricultural purposes. See: EPA, “Overview of EPA’s Brownfields Program,” United States Environmental Protection Agency, https://www.epa.gov/brownfields/overview-epas-brownfields-program.
5 “What we do,” UNICEF, n.d., https://www.unicef.org/what-we-do.